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DISCLAIMER: The modifications described in the following text are for educational purposes only. In no way do I recommend that you apply these modifications to your own motorcycle. If you do choose to go ahead and modify your motorcycle based on the information in this document you will accept all responsibility for your own actions. The author(s) of this FAQ and host(s) providing it for you accept no responsibility whatsoever. If you are unqualified to make any of the changes described herein but are bent on doing the modification, seek out a knowledgeable friend or professional mechanic for assistance.

IMPORTANT: No advertising revenue is received for running this FAQ website and all the hosting costs etc fall to me personally. I have always covered these costs myself but am now in a financial position where I would welcome some help. If you find the FAQ useful and would like to make a donation, no matter how small, please use this button. Very many thanks. Brian

General*Revised August 2013
Pre-Y2K (white) models including differences between Open Enduro and Raid models*Revised August 2013
Y2K (blue) models*Revised December 2016
What's a TTR worth?*Revised November 2017
What should I look out for when buying a TTR?*Revised March 2009
Uncorking the TTR250 * Revised June 2007
Engine information including cylinder head removal and refurbishment  * NEW December 2017
Fuel tank options  * Revised November 2017
Dating a TTR from its frame number * Revised February 2016
Chain & sprocket information*Revised November 2017
Handlebars and levers *Revised November 2017
Can I convert the digital speedo from kph to mph?*Revised February 2016
More speedo information*Revised November 2017
What tyres and tubes are best for on and off road use?*September 2010
Can I get a big-bore kit for the TTR?*Revised November 2017
Can I fit an oil cooler?*Revised February 2016
Improving the headlight, cheap replacement bulb option and installing an on/off switch. * Revised February 2016
Can I get second-hand parts for my TTR?  * Revised June 2010
Can I modify the exhaust to improve power?*Revised July 2010
Carburettor information*Revised February 2016
What brake pads fit? *Revised November 2011
Fitting rear brake pads, replacing master cylinder seals, brake discs/rotor information and caliper part numbers *Revised December 2017
Oil changing* Revised December 2017
Can I get a bash plate and frame guards for my TTR?* Revised December 2017
Need a grab handle for your TTR? * Revised December 2017
Batteries *Revised December 2017
Kick-start kits * Revised December 2017
Starter motors and solenoids * Revised December 2017
Replacing the one-way starter bearing or sprag clutch * Revised December 2017
Clutch information*Revised December 2017
Fork information including replacing seals and fork oil * Revised December 2017
Steering head bearing inspection/replacement * Revised December 2017
Spark Plugs*Revised December 2017
How can I lower the TTR250? * Revised December 2017
Where can I get a manual?*Revised December 2017
Wheel bearings and seal details * Revised December 2017
Clutch inhibitor switch replacement and other safety switches* Revised August 2013
Suspension* Revised December 2017
Installing a Scott's Steering Damper on a '99

Clogging of front sprocket on white TTRs
Smarten up your TTR! *Revised February 2016
TTR250 - Street Legal in California?
Got a brand new TTR?*Revised March 2005
Specification comparisons *Revised November 2014
Further TTR links *Revised February 2016
A little extra pressie at Xmas?


General:
The TTR250 has an air-cooled, 4 stroke, 4 valve, DOHC single with electric start, six (fairly close ratio) speed gearbox and disc brakes front and rear.  Owners tend to be very enthusiastic about the model and justifiably so. I am one such enthusiast and when I first got my TTR I struggled to find any information on it - hence this FAQ developed. I am now on my third TTR (a new 2004 model) and still think they are the best all-round trail bike around! I live in Devon, a County in the beautiful South West of the UK, which has an abundance of unsurfaced roads also known by trail riders in the UK as "green lanes".

Overall the TTRs are very well made with some nice touches like decent chain guards, chunky spokes, solid-looking alloy swing-arm on the Open Enduro models, engine oil sight-glass, big diameter stainless steel header pipe, hand-adjustable rear damping and, on the blue models, a plastic tank and back-up kickstart. Starts well and has a quiet smooth engine with a light clutch and lots of low-down torque. The gears are nice and close and give relatively brisk acceleration in the lower gears and, by the time you get to 6th, you have a proper high road gear. Very comfortable to ride with quite firm and well-damped suspension. The engine is quite sophisticated for an air-cooled lump and incorporates a pumper carb. Yamaha have thoughtfully routed the carb breather pipes up over the airbox and have one-way valves on the drain pipes which prevents cutting out in deep water. 

The road legal version was available in the UK between 2003 and 2005 and Yamaha UK officially imported approximately 781 units.

TTR250s are particularly suitable for those starting out on trail riding. They are not too tall (and lowering links are readily available for those with a short inside leg) and have the all-important electric start. Having taken out a lot of "newbies" trail riding, an electric start can make the difference between exhaustion and an enjoyable experience as, invariably, there will be lots of stalling and perhaps a few gentle offs. Four strokes in particular don't like going horizontal - restarting without an electric start can be difficult.

The TTR handles beautifully off-road and can be chucked into bends and flicked around in an impressive manner. It also tracks very nicely through, and across, ruts. The suspension is very good and absorbs bumps and roots really well but doesn't wallow or bottom out on the bigger whoops.

In areas where there is quite a bit of roadwork to be covered between the lanes, the six-speed box comes into its own. Yamaha WRs, Honda CRFs etc all suffer from being buzzy on the road because they have only five gears. The TTR's all-day comfy seat is an added bonus when compared to the razor-like planks that pass for seats on some off-road bikes.

Model numbers:

Yamaha TT250R (4GY1)         1993 / 4
Yamaha TT250R Raid (4GY3)        1994 / 3
Yamaha TT250R (4RR1)         1995 / 3
Yamaha TT250R Raid (4GY5)         1995 / 4
Yamaha TT250R Raid (4WA1)         1996 / 3
Yamaha TT250R (4RR2)         1997 / 1
Yamaha TT250RL 1997-99
Yamaha TT250RM/RN/RP/RR/RS/RT/RV 2000-06

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Pre-Y2K (white) models. There are basically two models: the Open Enduro and the Raid. The TTR is a very civilised traillie that the UK Trail Bike and Enduro Magazine (TBM) described as being "as civilised as it is competent".  Only a handful of TTRs was imported into the UK back in 1995 by Mitsui Yamaha and were never classed as "official" imports. They seem not to have sold well - not because they weren't good bikes - but because of what was described as an "exorbitant" price tag at the time of 4,000 plus. There seemed to be a lot of imports between 1993 and 1995 (usually white plastics and metal tanks) after which there seems to be a gap until the new "blue" TTR (plastic tanks) became available and sold officially by Yamaha in the UK. Some of the common parts are interchangeable with other makes of offroaders, e.g. brake pads, but the gel battery is peculiar to the TTR.

The Open Enduro model has a well specified suspension set-up with adjustable units front and rear.  The very capable quick-steering front end has a leading axle and air-damped forks with over 10" of travel. The rear has Yamaha's own rising rate monoshock with a remote reservoir that allows adjustment for both compression and rebound damping and about 10" of travel as for the front forks. It has a steel box section frame with a heavy duty ally swing arm and distinctive purple anodised wheel rims which you either love or hate! The engine thrives on revs but has enough bottom end to plonk along at low revs and still pull cleanly from nothing. Quoted at 28bhp @ 8,500rpm

The differences between the Raid and Open Enduro models:
         the tank is larger on the Raid hence if you fill it right up its going to add weight over and above that of the OE
         the headlight assembly on the Raid is more suitable for road or use on night trials but it is a fairly hefty (4lbs weight compared to 1lb 4oz of the OE plastic unit) item with a mild steel protection bar
        the Raid doesn't have adjustable rear compression damping i.e. "Hard-Soft" clicker adjustment on the rear shock "reservoir whereas most OEs have them
         the Raids side panels are more like pods - there is a useful plastic box under the left hand one containing the tool kit
        chain size and gearing is different with a 520 on the Open Enduro and a 428 on the Raid
        the rear sub frame is also different as are the seat layouts the Raid seat is lower (about 35 off the ground compared to the OEs 36.25) and flatter. Its designed for more sat down, long distance work but is a lot better than the OE if you want to carry a passenger
        rear footpegs on the Raid are mounted separately onto the sub frame and on the Open Enduro are small alloy ones mounted direct to the subframe.
       
the Raid swing arm is steel - it is alloy on other TTR models
        Spec. for OE is on this FAQ

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Y2K (blue) models. Since about 2000 all new TTRs have had blue "YZ" plastics and plastic tanks. They are based on the Open Enduro version rather than the Raid.  The front forks have air valves for adjusting the spring rate and a damping adjusting screw for adjusting the damping force. The rear shock has the usual spring reload adjustment, rebound damping force adjusting dial and a compression damping force adjusting knob.
The TTR250 is well known in Australia for having won national enduro championships!
The models sold in Europe have electric and kick start as standard making them "dual start" as well as having revised (quicker) steering geometry and suspension. The TTRs that were supplied to the USA are ONLY electric start. The TTR250 was still available new in Australia (and the frame changed to black) until 2012. It was also dual start!
Apparently the 1999 TTRs sold in Australia, despite being the blue plastic tank models, have the 6-plate clutch and the older engine from the "white" TTR model fitted!

 

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How much should I pay for a TTR250?
In the UK, older "white" TTRs resell for between 800 and 1,400 with blue models in good condition costing 1,800 upwards. New TTRs are no longer available in the UK. The TTR250 was still an "official" import into Australia/NZ until 2012. In recent years, particularly in the UK, the TTR250 has achieved "classic" trail bike status and prices for good examples have risen such that a fully restored 2004 model went recently for over 2,700!

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Uncorking the TTR250
Two freebie mods to start with:
1. Look under the tank at your throttle linkage and you will notice that Mr Yamaha installs a stop screw that limits you to less than full throttle. Adjust the screw to allow full travel of the throttle linkage but to stop it just before the throttle slide hits the top of the carb. Some riders take the screw completely out but I wouldn't recommend that.
2. If you haven't got a US model, remove the exhaust restrictor in the rear of the header pipe - details farther down. If you have got a US model, remove the screw at the end of the exhaust and pull out the baffle but don't do this if you ride where there are spark arrestor laws. Both of these will allow your bike to breathe a little better.

The next will cost you a small amount:
1. Replace the stock filter with an aftermarket filter like that from Twin Air.
2. Pull the rubber snorkel out of the top of the air box ONLY if you don't ride through deep water! Some owners recommend just trimming the snorkel by cutting it back one rung at the top and two rungs in the air box itself.
3. Rejet the bike to suit.
4. Replace the standard front sprocket with a 13 tooth one - this will improve the TTR's acceleration and off-road capabilities greatly without hampering top speed overmuch.

Performance gains will be obvious. The thing you will notice most is that the engine will accelerate quicker. If you ride at high altitude, and don't have water crossings to worry about, then, in addition to removing the snorkel, you may consider cutting holes in the top of the air box but just make sure you rejet to suit.

The next will cost you a lot more:
Replace the standard silencer with an aftermarket one. This adds power and gives a significant weight saving. If trail riding in the UK (or any other sensitive area in the world) please make sure your replacement is a quiet one! We don't want to lose our trails and green lanes just to gain a bit of power and sound cool.

See this excellent thread by Aaron Cooper from the ThumperTalk forum which explains it all in more detail and with pics:

http://www.thumpertalk.com/forum/sh...1&highlight=250

STOP PRESS - Aaron updated his "sticky" on ThumperTalk on 25 June 2007 with new links for the jets etc. Thanks Aaron - it is a super-helpful resource for TTR250 owners looking for a bit more power.

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Engine information including cylinder head removal and refurbishment

A pictorial guide to removing and replacing the TTR250 cylinder head can be seen here.

A pictorial guide to rebuilding a TTR250 cylinder head can be seen here.

If your decompressor blanking plug is leaking then two pictorial guides are available:
- replacing the old plug with a special Totally TTRs aluminium plug - see here

- if replacing it with a standard Yamaha OEM rubber plug see here

A pictorial guide to fitting a new timing chain (cam chain) to a Yamaha TTR250 can be seen here.

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Fuel tank options

There is quite a long thread on the TTR250 forum about bigger tank options - see here.

Many thanks to Al Moore for the following information!

22lt (Honda XR650L) Acerbis tank. Good points - loads of fuel, (I get 500+km with 15/42 sprockets), fits straight up to the TTR mount points (using the Totally TTRs fitting kits available for both metal and plastic tank models), not too wide although wide enough to have knees resting 'perfectly' for me on the longer rides, two fuel cocks, if one side damaged close it off and run from the other.  Will take an Acerbis Locking cap for security concerns (I have found it does not vent very well and requires a little release every hour or so for the pressure to escape).  Bad points - quite a lot of weight when full, and mates tend to hassle you for fuel when your way out there.... :-)) 

Nomad bum tank 8lt. Good points - to have a separate fuel supply if the bike has a big fall crash etc. Bad points - it removes the option for a pillion, pilot cannot slide back to the rear of the seat on the longer road rides, and or rear rack, adds weight over the rear sub frame and raises the centre of gravity as well as weighting the left side of the bike (not to noticeable)  

17lt (Honda XR250/400) IMS tank. Good points - an extra 7+ lts of fuel, tank is not too wide so does not change the feel of the bike to much. Bad points - needs to have fair bit of mucking about to get the bolts at the front to line up, and seat needs to be reshaped to fit up neat. 

Other links that might be helpful:
http://stores.ebay.co.uk/Rally-And-Overland_W0QQcolZ4QQdirZQ2d1QQfsubZQ2d999QQftidZ2QQtZkm
http://nomadtanks.com.au/
 

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What should I look out for when buying a TTR?
Generally not a lot goes wrong on one which has been maintained well. The electronic speedo on the "white" models is very expensive so is an obvious item to check. Also, electric starters and sprag clutches can be expensive items to replace so check that all sounds OK - especially listen out for the dreaded bang when killing the motor. Otherwise, its the usual four stroke checks (see my comprehensive buyer's checklist ) plus take it on a good run to check handling, clutch, controls, etc.
On metal-tanked bikes, check that the bottom corners of the tank aren't too rusted where they rub against the seat. This wears the paint off and allows moisture to sit against the tank and rust it away.
If the mud flap that protects the rear shock has been damaged (and whose hasn't?) , check that the shock is working as they can lose damping if the damper rod gets pitted with corrosion. 

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Dating a TTR from its frame number
The frame number is the vehicle identification number or "VIN." The 10 digit of
the VIN for any vehicle manufactured after 1980 identifies the year of
manufacture. The VIN is located on the steering stem of the frame and is not to
be confused with the engine serial number on the engine cases. The VIN is 17
characters long
.

Open Enduro 4GY1 4GY-000101 to 025000 is 1993/4
Raid 4GY3 4GY-025101 to 044000 is 1994/5
Open Enduro 4RR1 4GY-049101 to 068000 is 1995/6
Raid 4GY5 4GY-068101 to 081000 is 1995/6
Raid 4WA1 4GY-081101 to 083000 is 1996/7
Open Enduro 4RR2 possibly 4GY-083101 to ???000 is 1997/?

000101 was released in the 4th month of 1993
025101 3rd month of 1994
049101 3rd month of 1995
068101 4th month 1995
081101 3rd month 1996
083101 1st month 1997

Apparently the Haynes manual shows:
1999 models - frame no. begins with 5GF2
2000 models - JYACG07W - YA002045 and JYACG7Y - YA000309

My 2002 has frame number JYADG02XXYA002881
My 2004 has frame number JYADG02X74A007241
Spare 2004 has frame number JYADG02X00008462

It has been suggested that, from the year 2000, the 10th digit denotes year of manufacture but that doesn't always seem to work. If true my "2002" TTR was manufactured 2 years before it was registered! See the table below:

Code

Year

Code

Year

Code

Year

Code

Year

A

1980

L

1990

Y

2000

A

2010

B

1981

M

1991

1

2001

B

2011

C

1982

N

1992

2

2002

C

2012

D

1983

P

1993

3

2003

D

2013

E

1984

R

1994

4

2004

E

2014

F

1985

S

1995

5

2005

F

2015

G

1986

T

1996

6

2006

G

2016

H

1987

V

1997

7

2007

H

2017

J

1988

W

1998

8

2008

J

2018

K

1989

X

1999

9

2009

K

2019

 

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Chain & sprocket info plus what gearing to use  on an Open Enduro for trail riding?
13-48 or 14-52 gearing is a good on & off road compromise.
Standard on "whites" was 14-44. My 2002 blue Euro import came with 13-48 and a spare 14 front sprocket in the "spares" box.
Front sprocket - Renthal part number is 342A-520-13 or 14 or 15 (assuming you are running a 520 O ring chain which I hope you are!) or Talon TG415 13T or 14T. Talon may also do the 15T.
Rear sprocket - Renthal part number for the Ultra-Lite rear sprocket is 131B-520-48 for 48 tooth - substitute 52 for 52 tooth.

Chain. The 520R3-108 chain is a decent quality Renthal 108 link chain which fits my 13-48 sprocket combination exactly. I think 112 is needed for the 14-52 combo.

For UK owners, there is a wide range of sprockets, and also the Renthal R3 chain, at Totally TTRs

Renthal sprockets and chains are available in the UK from B&C Express 01522 791369 email sales@bandcexpress.co.uk

The thread on the retaining nut is RH and doesn't need to be excessively tight as it should have a lock washer which has two tabs so it can be used twice. This needs to have the tab bent back with a blunt chisel or similar before you can undo the nut. In the UK we have something called "Sod's Law" which says that the only time you will break the last good tab off the lock washer is when your local bike shop is closed for a week! I wouldn't advise trying to re-use a tab that has already been bent. They aren't expensive so keep a couple of spares just in case - either from here or from your Yamaha parts dealer Part Number 90215-23265-00

To undo the nut (anti-clockwise!), I just put a socket between the sprocket and the frame to stop the sprocket turning. The bigger front sprocket is easier on the chain. Chain noise increases when you replace the original Yamaha sprocket with a plain one as the original has a substantial ring of rubber built in to quieten things down.

Any bigger back sprocket than 48 may need the bottom chain guide modifying although I fitted a 52 with no problems. In the UK, Totally TTRs stock all the parts for the bottom chain guide block which fits the "two bolt" UK system along with related drive train parts - see here. US models come as standard with a bigger rear sprocket (52?) and therefore already have the deeper guide block.

Standard gear ratios are:

1st 2.467
2nd 1.813
3rd 1.364
4th 1.080
5th 0.889
6th 0.759

Leaking oil from sprocket seal? The seal size is 25x40x6 and the seals are available cheaply from Totally TTRs (see here) as well as your friendly local Yamaha dealer!

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Handlebars and levers
As a six footer, I found the original handlebars a little cramped and they didn't encourage me to get up on the pegs. I fitted  Renthal Enduro High bars (previously known as Dakar Highs) and they are a lot better for me. However, it is likely that you will need longer throttle and clutch cables especially if you also fit bar risers. Venhill has made up a batch of longer throttle and clutch cables for the TTR - available here.

In the UK, the full range of Renthal bars are available from B&C Express - but for the Enduro High bars the part numbers are 613-01-BU (Blue) -GO (Gold) or -SI (Silver) - see here

Levers. Levers are swappable between OE, Raid and blue models. They are often listed for sale on eBay or copy levers which fit well are available in the UK here.

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Can I convert the digital speedo from kph to mph?
For the digital speedos, there is now a clever device called the SpeedoDRD that not only converts from kph to mph (and the other way around) but also allows accurate corrections for different gearing to get the speedo reading nearly 100% right.

The blue Euro TTRs have analogue kmh speedos driven by cable from the front wheel. The UK "official" machines have an mph speedo!

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More speedo information:
a) What do the blue and red buttons do on the digital speedo?
The blue button switches between two trip gauges so can record two different distances. If you hold down the blue (A/B) button for a few seconds it switches the display from the clock function to the overall mileage function and back again.
The red button is reset and if you hold it down for a while, about a minute, when the clock is displayed you can set the clock when it is flashing. The hours will flash first and you push quickly the reset button to change them, then push A/B or blue button to go to minutes and set minutes the same. Then just press A/B again to go back to normal display.

b) Digital speedo sender unit - this is often the cause of a "dead" speedo - it was with mine. Replacement for "white" TTRs is Yamaha part number sender unit 4GY-83755-01 -  priced at 119.98 inc. VAT plus P&P as at October 2010.
It seems that most sensor failures are due to moisture entering the unit and causing the Hall sensor to fail. See here for how to make a cheap repair! Thanks to Sergey for the information. If you don't fancy doing the job yourself an exchange service is available from Totally TTRs.

c)  Another problem on digital speedos is that the magnet located on the front sprocket can disintegrate - part number 4GY-8354W-00. Replacement inc. VAT is 70.04 as at February 2016. To make a replacement magnet look here.
Thanks again to Sergey for the information. If you don't fancy doing the job yourself an exchange service is available from Totally TTRs

d) Wiring arrangement for the digital speedo head - courtesy of "fastfazer"!
Having tested the connections with a multimeter I believe the connections are:
Red + 12v
Brown + 12v
Yellow +5v into the speedo from the speed sensor at the sprocket. This is the pulse wire, the pulse is sent as +5v, -5v, +5v, -5v etc.
Blue +5v out to the speed sensor.
Black/Yellow 0v (Negative) out to the speed sensor.
Black 0v (Negative)
Connecting +12v to the Red wire lights the speedo up but with no LCD display.
Connecting +12v to the Red & Brown lights it up & powers the LCD display.

e) If you have terminal speedo problems Paul Bates suggests  fitting a WR400 speedo drive unit and cable direct on to a DT125 clock, fits straight on apparently - no need to worry about gearing change and km to miles - fits like a glove no hassle he says. Alternatively, Clifford Eves said "After having problems with my digital speedo, and not wanting to pay a fortune for a new pick up sensor, I decided to convert it to cable. Just in case anyone else wants to do this I used a speedo drive, speedo and cable from a DT125LC. It all went straight on - just had to make a bracket for the speedo itself and all for 20.00 from eBay"

f) For mechanical speedos, as fitted to UK blue models, Yamaha only sells the speedo drive mechanism in one piece (part number 4PX-25190) - price inc VAT is a whopping 79.79 plus VAT as at February 2016! But it is usually only the three-tab "drive" washer that fails and these are no longer available separately. However a stainless steel after-market tab washer is available from Totally TTRs. The speedo cable from a DT125LC Mk3 is apparently a very good (and cheap!) replacement for the original.

g) A wide range of new and used speedo-related parts available here.

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What tyres and tubes are best for on and off road use?

A pictorial guide to fitting a tyre can be seen here.

MT43s do it for me! In my opinion, the ideal for UK (muddy and stony) trail riding is probably something knobbly (but road legal) such as a Michelin Comp IV on the front and a trials tyre such as the 4.00x18 Pirelli MT43 on the rear. A word of warning - the MT43 is quite a "tall" tyre and is liable to chew your mudflap and swing arm if you don't give it enough room. Other riders views on tyre choice follow:

Pat Bullen says "After a season's use I can recommend Trelleborgs Army Specials as long lasting, very grippy and suits the TTR's steering geometry well- quite forgiving in ruts for some reason...
"

Ian Packer says - Bridgestone TW301 & TW302: Work excellently on road and fine for off road trailing in dry or wet hard conditions. However the tread is too close for deep glutinous mud which will fill them and not get thrown out - they turn into slicks. Still usable on trails provided care taken in mud. Wear rates are very good.
Michelin Enduro comp 3 & comp 4: Excellent for muddy ruts and loose sloppy conditions. Throws the mud out well and grips well and predictably in all conditions. Soft compound so high wear rates on hard surfaces. Feel horrible on road particular above 60 mph. Perfect tyre for the British winter off road.

Brian Morris (Thailand) says "Fitted a set of Bridgestone ED 660 /661 at Christmas 2004 . They are DOT approved . Both tires have very good grip in most conditions but back tire wore very quickly and have had to replace already. Front tire is still perfect ."

Some recent recommendations include the Michelin AC10 - a road legal MX tyre.  Apparently good in mud, and with the large blocks, will last a long time.  Down side is that you will not be able to do UK rallies on them as they are illegal for most rally and enduro use. 

Fitting Ultra Heavy Duty Michelin inner tubes (4mm thick!) helps prevent punctures but they have to be run at relatively high pressure to make them "fill" the tyre so they don't move and rip the valve out. Also, use good rim locks to prevent the tyres spinning on the rims and ripping the valves out e.g. Talon forged 1.60 front and 2.15 rear.

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Can I get a big-bore kit for the TTR? Plus some tuning information....

Yes! A comprehensive 325 kit is available from Thumper Racing who sell big bore kits for a wide range of dirt bikes. I have fitted the kit to my 2004 TTR and it transforms its performance. Nothing beats extra ccs for some extra performance. The kit has so far proved totally reliable and the TTR is a joy to ride both on the trail and on the road.

See this excellent thread by Bryan Wedmore from the ThumperTalk forum which explains about fitting the kit in more detail and has some helpful pics. Thanks Bryan - it is a  very helpful resource for TTR250 owners looking for a bit more power and better front suspension: http://www.thumpertalk.com/forum/showthread.php?t=521772

 

There is a cheaper alternative to get a few extra ccs but it doesn't compare to going the big bore route! The Wiseco "280" kit which is basically a new oversize forged piston taking it to 263cc (NOT 280cc!) and involves boring of cylinder liner only with no crankcase alterations. A mate of Lance Parsons did it and says it results in more bhp and torque and says he can pull wheelies in 4th gear (13-52 gearing) - he also fitted a 35mm carb and got more bhp & acceleration - had his exhaust ports bored out by Phil Manning, and again got more bhp and quicker pick up.

 

POSTSCRIPT: There is a possibility that a 350cc big-bore kit will become available in the UK in Spring 2018. See here.
 


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Can I fit an oil cooler?
Yamaha used to sell an oil cooler kit - part number YAM-4GY-WO793-00 - cost $285 Australian at the beginning of 2002 but this has now been discontinued but you may be lucky and find some new old stock or a second-hand one from a breakers yard. The kit came with everything you needed and could be installed in about an hour. The hardest part was removing the clutch cover to replace an existing blanking bolt with a 10mm longer one to blank off the internal oilway and divert the oil around radiator part of the cooler - see photograph. The kit even came with a new clutch cover gasket. You get about 1/2 litre more oil capacity and prolongs the life of the oil dramatically. Anybody with basic tools and mechanical knowledge can do it.
Some good advice is to fit a bash plate to protect the oil lines which run from the crankcase to the radiator.

 

I am not aware of a suitable after-market kit that can be recommended but some good information on the TTR250 forum here. Second-hand ones occasionally available here.

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How can I improve the head light and install an on/off switch?
 

There is a thread on the TTR250 forum which may be helpful - see here.

 

A selection of replacement bulbs, guaranteed to fit the TTR original units, is available here.

 

For Open Enduro - consider fitting the whole headlamp assembly from a Raid which is designed for roadwork and has a 60/55W bulb (part number 2F9-84314-00) compared to the Open Enduro's 33/36.5W (part number 3FW-84314-00). I fitted a Raid headlight assembly to my OE TTR and the difference was amazing. The lighting coil on the TTR produces a healthy output and can run a 100W H4 halogen bulb as it has a glass lens that can handle the heat of the bulb. The standard headlight switch and wires may get very hot running the bigger bulb and it may be worth using heavier gauge wires from the switch to the headlamp.


For blue models - there is very little that can be done to improve the UK headlight although it can be replaced with the European or Australian unit which has a bigger lens and bulb and gives a much brighter beam. Some owners have fitted an LED bulb with good results but the aim of the beam is a bit haphazard and probably wouldn't pass an MOT test.


Quick fix for a blown original bulb! A new headlight bulb for the Raid is a whopping 53 inc VAT from your Yamaha dealer and 33.90 for the Open Enduro - prices as at July 2011. A quick fix is to take the bulb holder out with pliers - buy a 3 car headlight bulb and bend the tabs flat. Attach the wires and hold the bulb in place with Silicon sealer. The light is brighter and a lot cheaper!
For the blue TTRs, the headlight bulb is a BA20d - Type #395 - Ring model RMU394. A halogen 35w/35w replacement is designated H6M and these are also used on
many scooters.


Headlight ON/OFF Switch Installation If you don't like the "headlight always on" then fit a simple switch and splice it into the headlight earth wire. Further information and alternatives here.

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Can I get second-hand parts for my TTR?
For UK - try Totally TTRs, 'Partsearch' (09061119999) and, of course, e-Bay.
Please let me know if you find another source!

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Can I modify the exhaust to improve power?

(a) On most non-US models there is a restrictor in the header - where the header slides inside the silencer - see www.ttr250.com/detail+of+restrictor.jpg . Removing this will help with mid and top end power. Just cut off the last 10mm of the header pipe and the restrictor will come off with it.
 

(b) Martin Wilson's TTR had an XR400 exhaust on his TTR when he bought it. The mounting brackets all line up, it just requires a small adapter pipe between the tail pipe and the header pipe.

 

(c) In a Side Track magazine article in the series "Modifying your TTR250" it is recommended NOT to completely remove the snorkel as that reduces power but, instead, to cut it back one rung at the top and two rungs in the air box itself - that mod plus a Staintune exhaust gave them a 10% - approx 2bhp - increase in power.

 

(d) The October 1999 edition of the US Motocross Action magazine reported that a free flowing end can add power (and significantly reduces weight over the stock item) but a larger bore header pipe did not! Shortening the existing header by 5" however produced 2bhp extra on the dyno. Not something within most owners capabilities though! New "shorty" pipes are occasionally available from Totally TTRs.

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Carburettor information

For a pictorial guide on stripping down, checking and rebuilding a TTR250 carburettor see here.

 

If you are unfortunate enough to break a float support post when removing your float then a pictorial guide to repairing it can be found here.

 

All TTR250s seem to use the Teikei Y30P with pump.


It is possible to re-jet the carb using Kiehin jets. What to use depends on what year your TTR is.

 

The information I was given some time ago was that early TTRs were 142 main jet and 48 pilot jet though from about 96/97 the main jet was a 147 and pilot was a 50. ("50" pilot jet is 43F-14342-25-00, "54" pilot jet is 43F-14342-27 and presumably the "52" pilot jet is 43F-14342-26-00 - about 16 each in UK).

 

At least one UK owner has a 96 Open Enduro with 137 main and 50 pilot jets - very confusing! However, the carbs on the blue UK/Euro TTRs I have stripped all had 147 main and 50 pilot jets and I understand that Australian TTRs have the same. US TTRs seem to have 137/50 jets.

 

The Raid model usually has a 145/50 jet combination and a V95 nozzle.


Johnny  Davies TTR (see above) was a later model so he found a local carb specialist that did Kiehin carbs, took in his main jet and needle jet and they tried a standard round Kiehin main jet and it fitted perfectly. They measured his original jet and it was 1.47mm (apparently different makes of jets don't always mean that the no. on the jet is the size in mm) and suggested trying a 148mm, 150mm, and 152mm (Kiehin). Johnny tried them all (about 3.00 each) 148 no difference, 150 spot on, 152 too rich (like running with the choke on). Johnny has left the snorkel off the air box and has the needle on the standard position. He is looking at different needles at the moment, also he has left the mixture screw at 3.5 turns out compared to standard 2.25. The firm he used is:
Allens Performance Ltd, Unit B9, Moorbridge Road, Bingham, Notts, NG13 8GG - tel. no. 01949 836733, fax. 01949 836734
You should get better power throughout the range.

 

Yamaha used to provide a wide range of jets for the TTR but, over the years, most have been withdrawn. Those that are still listed are available here.

Bike Bandit in the US can supply Keihin and Mikuni carb jets.

 

Karl Goellner says "The small Mikuni hex sized ones don't come in half sizes but just full sizes however the large round ones ( N100.604 )do come in half sizes like (142.5). I used this type and know for sure that they will fit although it's a pretty tight fit. With the stock exhaust and only the silencer removed (still has the spark arrestor screen), the large
type Mikuni #140 jet with the needle in the stock position works great at 600 ft. elevation. It adds a little more punch for about $5.00. Also, I've done nothing to the air box, it's completely stock and unaltered."

 

The 140 Mikuni jet is equivalent to a Dynojet/ Yamaha OEM 149.3 - see http://vmaxoutlaw.com/tech/dyno-mikuni.htm

 

More information on personalising your TTR and "uncorking" some power - see this posting on Thumpertalk at http://tinyurl.com/mvntl which has some useful pics and links courtesy of Aaron Cooper.

 

Problems with carburation after long-term storage & non-use. Geoff Denham"  says:  I have a 2001 TTR250 (North American version). I had cold starting and idle problems. I found out that the previous owner had stored the bike for 2 years without draining the fuel from the carb. I then discovered why he hadn't drained the carb - the Philips head of the drain screw was stripped such that no screw driver could turn it. The jets in the carb. were blocked up with residue from the evaporated fuel, and the throttle pump diaphragm had become hard (long term storage). I removed the carb. from the engine and had it overhauled by the Yamaha dealer. In most cases it maybe just gummed up jets. Check to see if you can drain the carb. If your drain screw's head is stripped, have the carb. overhauled. Removing the carb can be quite a big job if the air box is removed first. If you do this, take careful note of the connections and routing of the various rubber hoses connected to the carb. Its a good idea to thoroughly clean the inside of the hoses and their one way valves etc. You should download the Yamaha service manual, I found it very helpful. I should have added, after I had removed the carb, I also removed the rubber intake manifold and refitted it with an application of a high temperature sealing compound. All this effort was rewarded with new bike starting, idle, and general good manners. As in this case of my low mileage bike, such results assume there are no other significant engine problems. if you're having problems starting, it might be time to check your valve clearances. 25 April 2007

 

Click here for further information from James_AZ_USA.

 

Carb drain screw. If you trail ride where you go through fords and water-filled ruts then make sure that your carb drain screw undoes easily in case you get water in the carb. The Philips-style head on these strip out easily so use the best-fitting screwdriver you have. Make sure that you have the carb body held firm so that you can put pressure on the screwdriver to prevent it jumping out of the slots. If it goes wrong, see a repair thread on the TTR250 forum here. New drain screw sets available here.

Carburation problems? Check the rubber inlet manifold between the carb and the cylinder head as it may have come apart. The aluminium part that bolts to the head is tapered so gluing the rubber back on isn't easy. When the rubber comes adrift it sucks air into the engine upsetting the fuel/air ratio and causes poor running. It's also a very common fault and I've seen it on 2003 models. To glue the rubber back on you will need to remove the airbox, carb and inlet stub. Then clean it as best you can with a solvent that evaporates - meths, acetone etc. Then use an epoxy adhesive to coat the stub and push the rubber back on. Clamp end-to-end and put a jubilee clip (hose clip) around the glued area but not too tight. When the glue has dried (24 hrs is good) drive a couple of self-tapping screws through the jubilee clip, through the rubber and into the aluminium stub. If you're fussy, Dremel the ends of the screws inside the inlet stub.

 

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What brake pads fit?
TTR250 brakes - rear same as Serow, KDX200/250, YZ250, Djebel 200/250, front same as TS200 and RMX250. Part numbers by manufacturer as follows with rear given first: Apico BP100 and BP002, Vesrah VD432/2 and VD340, EBC FA152TT and FA135, SBS SBS648 and SBS SBS611, Ferodo FDB659 and FDB497, Dunlop DP315 and DP211.Good parts shops should have sets in stock but any dealer with a "Hi level" account can get them next day if not in stock. EBC Sintered Pads - Front FA135R and RearFA152/2R, they are listed in the ORO catalogue as the same as the ORO gold pad 211CC/SM and 315CC/SM. 

I personally use the sintered pads as they seem to work well on and off road and last a sensible amount of time - see Totally TTRs.

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Fitting rear pads, replacing master cylinder seals, brake disc/rotors plus caliper part numbers

Pictorial guide to changing the rear pads here.

Pictorial guide to replacing the front master cylinder seals here. The process is very similar for the rear master cylinder.

Various discs/rotors are available in the UK from Totally TTRs.

Front brake caliper piston seals are 3JD-W0047-00 and the rear is are 3JD-W0047-50 - see here

Brake caliper part numbers. It is quite difficult to source the replacement slide pins & rubbers for the front & rear brakes as Yamaha don't list the individual parts - just the whole caliper assemblies. To help owners, kits are now available here

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Oil changing.

Pictorial guide to changing the oil and filter here.

The oil filter is a common off-the-shelf Yamaha part - the Yamaha Part No is  1UY-13440-02-00. 

The filters most commonly found for sale on the internet are HiFlo. The mesh style ones are HF142 and the paper ones are HF141. The best I have found are the Filtrex filters - see here.

1 litre of oil is needed for the metal-tanked models and 1.1 litres for the later plastic-tanked TTRs - unless you have a oil cooler on then it maybe a little more.
Lance Parsons was advised to use a semi-synthetic oil and uses Castrol GPS "Extreme Protection at High Temperature Semi-Synthetic 4 Stroke Motor Cycle Oil" which claims to be "an advanced semi-synthetic 4 stroke engine oil formulated to maintain a tough renewing layer of protection for bikes ridden hard. Castrol GPS provides excellent wet clutch performance and consumption control". Lance changes his oil every 1,000km but that's down to you to decide. If you have just driven a hard 3.5hr Hare & Hounds then I would probably advise changing it!

I use Fuchs Silkolene Super 4 10W-40 semi-synthetic oil.

Haynes Manual Recommended lubricants for Engine/Transmission are: Type: API grade SE or SF multigrade oil, Viscosity: 40-degrees F(5-degrees C) or above:20W40 or 10-degrees F(-10-degrees C) or below:10W30

Tyler Watts says: All these engines ask for is good oil and for it to be changed regularly. You can even use average off the shelf stuff from the service station (I'm not recommending it though) as long as you change it regularly. Regularly depends on your riding. Off-roading, hill climbing, overlanding etc would require more regular changes approx. 500-1,000 miles. Less strenuous riding like commuting could extend this. A good tip for knowing when to change the oil is if you're riding along sedately and just short-shifting through the gear box, you will notice the changes get more 'clunky' or stiff. It is simply the gearbox saying it's used all the good lubricating the oil can offer and would like some new oil... My engine had never been opened after 20,000miles, and was great. All that went wrong was a cylinder base gasket leaking, and then a nit on the end of the spanner putting the timing wrong and turning over the engine, ramming the piston into the intake valves... Otherwise, she is amazing and the mileage is loads higher now!

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Can I get a bash plate and frame guards for my TTR?
For bash plates in the UK,
try Totally TTRs where a high quality bespoke bash plate is available.

The only other one I can find is made by the Australian firm B&B Offroad Engineering

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Need a grab handle for your TTR?
In the UK, the LH  grab handle is part number is 4PX-F1275-00 - "HANDLE STANDING 2" and costs 58.96 inc VAT (retail) as at December 2017. The RH (exhaust side) grab handle is part number 4GY-2127A-00 and costs 51.72 inc. VAT retail as at December 2017.
 

Apparently the handles are part of the UK road-kit (along with a few other bits) and aren't listed on the fiche. The dealers have a separate parts book for these parts. The UK spec bikes should already have them fitted but most of the parallel and semi-official imported TTRs don't. The US models don't have the mounting brackets for the handles on the frame.

 

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Batteries

The TTR is fitted as standard with a gel-filled battery pre-filled with battery acid (GS Valve Regulated Lead-acid battery) part number GT7B-4. The first letter (G, C or Y) denotes the motorcycle battery manufacturer & can be substituted for another letter depending on the make of battery, for example: YT7B-4, CT7B-4, GT7B-4 are all the same battery. They cost about 30 on UK eBay (inc. VAT and delivery) as at December 2017.
Dimensions: 148mm long (along front) x 64mm wide x 90mm high, 12 volt, 6AH and approx 85 EN cold cranking amps.

 

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Kick start kits

In the UK, these were approx. 310 - not cheap - but unfortunately are no longer available from Yamaha.

 

The only way possible now is to use a second-hand kickstart mechanism from another TTR250 engine - see http://ttr250.com/TTR_retrofitting_kickstart.htm

 

Over the years, a number of owners have tried to find another kickstart mechanism from another bike that would fit but failed.

 

 

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Starter Motors and solenoids

 

A very useful pictorial guide on all things about the TTR250 starter motor is available here.


A pictorial guide on fitting a replacement solenoid can be found here.

 

Starter motors and the associated sprag (one-way) clutch seem to be a weak point on TTRs if excessive noise when cranking or banging when switching on/off is ignored. A worn sprag clutch will kick back on shut down and strip the teeth off the starter pinion. Replace a worn sprag clutch and save a much more expensive rebuild.

 

If you have leave it too long then, in addition to the stripped starter pinion, you may find that teeth on the starter gears are damaged and, in extreme situations, the generator cover will be cracked and start leaking oil.

 

As at November 2017, the UK price of a new casing is 102.36 inc VAT but is cheaper from Totally TTRs here, the small idler gear is 103, large idler gear is 93.95, new flywheel bolts 4, and crankcase gasket 5. Totally TTRs keep all these parts in stock for quick despatch - see here.

 

A friend of mine, Adrian Harris, rebuilt a TTR starter, to replace the mangled pinion gear, using an armature centre and good pinion from a more common Matsui starter. See here.

After-market starters are notoriously unreliable and best avoided if possible. Better to source a good used genuine OEM TTR250 starter motor. Members of the TTR250 forum have said that the Yamaha YBR250,  Honda CBF250 and CBX250 Twister starter motors are exact replacements and may be available on eBay. Yamaha Majesty YP250 starter motors can be made to fit by swapping the rear mounting case from the old TTR starter over to the Majesty starter.  Yamaha FZR600 and FZ600R (1990-96) starter motors can be made to fit by fitting the TTR rear casing and drilling mounting holes about 12mm closer to the starter body to allow for the FZ starter being longer.

 

Starter motor brushes - new after-market brush sets are available from Totally TTRs - see here

 


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Replacing the one-way starter bearing or sprag clutch

 

See here for a pictorial guide to replacing your TTR's sprag clutch.

 

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Clutch information.  

For a pictorial guide on fitting new clutch parts see here.
 

The "cork" or friction plates for both OE and blue models are 3XJ-16321-00. The plain steel plates part number is 3XJ-16324-01

The OE and Raid models need 6 of each and the blue model needs 7.

 

Don't forget to soak your new friction plates overnight in engine oil before fitting!


New clutch springs are 90501-23763-00 for the 6 plate clutch and  90501-23391-00 for the seven plate clutch. I believe the later springs are shorter.

 

All parts available here.

 

Beware if buying second-hand parts as the clutch basket and cover are different between white and blue models as they need to be wider and deeper on the blue models to accommodate the extra plates.



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Fork information including fitting new seals and refilling forks

 

For a pictorial guide on replacing TTR fork seals see here

Refurbished forks and associated parts are available here.

Fork seals are the same size across the models - 43x55x9.5/10

All Balls kits are probably the easiest to source but check the fork bushing is OK before buying in your kit as, if there is wear, it is easy to renew the bushing whilst the forks are apart. A simple check is to get the TTR securely up on a stand with the front wheel off the ground. Grab both fork legs and see if there is any back and forth movement. Make sure that any movement isn't loose or worn steering head bearings though!


Oil type and capacity - 550cc, Type: Yamaha fork oil "01" or equivalent, Oil Level: 130mm (fork fully compressed and spring removed). Some owners take the opportunity to use a heavier weight oil such as a 5 or 10 weight to give a  slightly stiffer fork action.


 

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Steering head bearing inspection and replacement.

 

See here for a pictorial guide to servicing or replacing your TTR's steering head bearings.

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Spark Plugs
 

The spark plug gap for standard plug is 0.7 to 0.8mm

 

Off Road Only (ORO) do the Splitfire range of plugs for the bike, if you use either the CR8E or the CR9E then the equivalent Splitfire is either the 430B or C.

 

I use NGK CR9E spark plugs and have never had one fail. Also, they rarely need re-gapping!

 

If you fancy trying an Iridium plug you could try an NGK IRIDIUM IX SPARK PLUG CR9EIX CR9E-IX 3521

 

The standard spark plug requires a 16mm spanner. Spark plug torque 12.5Nm.

 

See here for a full range of appropriate plugs and plug caps.

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How can I lower the TTR250?


It is possible to drop the front forks through the clamps to lose some height plus some owners have modified suspension link arms. Also there is an inch or so lowering available by backing off the spring on the rear shock absorber.

There are two lowering links available:

a) Totally TTRs lowering link - see here

b) The Kouba lowering link - see here

If this doesn't lower your TTR enough then the final solution quite often is to sculpt the seat foam - an electric carving knife does a neat job!

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Where can I get a manual?

a) There is a range of workshop and owners manuals available for download here.

b) In the UK, you can go to your Yamaha dealer with your frame number to get a bound photocopy of an English service manual (not the smaller owner's manual) - cost over 30.

c) There is a Haynes manual on: Yamaha Trail Bikes 1981-00 Haynes 2350, PW50/80, RT100/180, TT-R90, TT-R225, TT-R250, XT225, XT350. It covers only the American spec "blue" TTR250  but a UK TTR owner who bought it says its still very useful. 


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Wheel Bearings and seals. 

A pictorial guide to replacing the rear wheel bearings on a TTR250 can be found here.

The wheel bearing on the TTR250 are sealed. Replacing bearings can be a challenge until you get to know how they fit. The collars are a press fit into the inner race of the bearings and you need a large drift or a press to get them out - be patient and careful!

Rear wheel takes 3 x 60/22 2RS size - 22x44x12  and oil seals for wheel 2 x 28x47x7.
Front wheel LEFT takes 1x 6003 2RS - size 17x35x10 and oil seal is 22x35x7.
Front wheel RIGHT takes 1x6202 2RS - size 15x35x11 and oil seal 20x35x5 (digital speedo models only - blue TTRs don't use a seal on the speedo drive side).

In the UK, All Balls kits (which include bearings and seals) are available here.

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Clutch inhibitor switch replacement
Totally TTRs in the UK can supply a replacement handlebar clutch inhibitor switch (part 44-022)  that is not a direct replacement in that the bullet connectors need cutting off and the wires soldered to the existing spade connectors but is less than half the price of the genuine Yamaha part (4GY-82917-01-0). See here.


Hasse Prefect says: The TTR has a sidestand switch, a neutral switch and a clutch lever switch. Both the sidestand switch and the clutch lever switch you should bypass, the sidestand may bounce as you go over whoops and then the engine will cut out, also the cables may rip when going through bushes and stuff. The clutch lever switch (according to Sod's law) will break down when you are very far from home and the sun is setting..... It is nice to have the neutral light but it is by no no means necessary, bodging the clutch lever and sidestand switches should be enough - following the rule that "if it is not there it can't break". 26 April 2007

Be warned that safety switches are there for a reason and a nasty accident could happen if you drive off with the sidestand down.

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Suspension

New and second-hand shock absorbers and related spares are available here.

Refurbishing a TTR rear shock absorber. The part number of the rear shock is 5GF-22210-00-P0  and a new one is 220 from Totally TTRS as at December 2017. It can be cost effective to repair your existing one as long as the rod does not need re-chroming. In the UK, Justin Gibbs at Saltash offers a superb service. Click here for details. Justin is also able to alter the ride height of the shock absorber if required. A DIY approach is described here!

Parts for forks and shock. If you are in the USA, Race Tech sell rebuild parts for the front forks and the rear shock inc. the seal head, shock shaft bushing, bottom-out bumper, and reservoir bladder - click here for prices etc. Totally TTRs also now sell the seal head - see here

Rear shock absorber springs. Most are yellow indicating it is the standard spring but I have seen the stronger red springs on a few TTRs. Apparently there is also a white spring for lighter riders but I haven't seen one of those. The standard OE yellow springs have a spring rate of 4.9 kgs/mm - allegedly!

Adjusting the sag. Rear preload is set by having the suspension full extended. At full extension, measure from the centre of the axle to a point on the sub frame and note the distance. Next, with riding gear on, load the suspension with your weight positioned on the bike in your normal riding position. You might have to have someone assist you by keeping the bike upright! Measure from the centre of the axle to the same point on the sub frame. You should have about 100 mm less distance with the suspension loaded. Adjust the preload on the spring until you get the 100 mm differential.
After getting the 100 mm sag, next check your static sag. This is how much the bike settles from full extension with just the weight of the bike. You should have approximately 35 mm free sag. If your free sag is considerably more or less than 35 mm, you probably will need to exchange the spring. Thanks to Jack Hixson for this piece.

Rear suspension linkages. It is recommended that you check the rear suspension links occasionally to check all the seals are OK. If water gets in then you will have problems. The original Yamaha needle rollers are the poly lube type so don't need greasing as such.

A good tip is to WD40 the damper rod on the rear shock after power washing otherwise it could get rusty and pitted which would damage the seal head and you lose the damping - plus it's expensive to repair!

Lower shock absorber bearing: These are quite a common MOT failure in the UK. For a pictorial guide on replacing the bearing see here.

Swing arm bearings: All Balls do a swing arm repair kit ref 28-1096 which includes all of the above. About 35 inc. p&p in the UK here. Installation guide here.

Relay Arm bearings:
In the UK, you can get an "All Balls" linkage bearing kit ref 2
7-1094 here which seems good value at 60 inc VAT and p&p especially as it includes the lower shock bearing. A pictorial guide to replacing the relay arm bearings is available here

More detailed information on bearing and seal part numbers courtesy of Kevin Baker.

Rear shock absorber bearings.

1. LOWER SHOCK BEARING

A pictorial guide to changing the lower shock bearing here.

All Balls supply the bottom shock kit ref 17-8613 (or 29-5013) if you need to replace it.

If you have a good source of cheap bearings then the part number is GE14ES/K and the seals are "Clark Seals V5 18.5 x 26 x 2.7". All Balls advise to use waterproof grease or any good quality bearing grease.

The collars on the bottom bearing came out easily by levering them off with a wide blade screwdriver.

2. UPPER SHOCK BEARING

HOWEVER, it was not the same story with the top bearing collars - Yamaha part no 90387-100Y3-00 (cost 11.16 for both). These collars have very wide "flanges" and my first attempt at levering them off with the screwdriver broke a large section off the flange - after a struggle I managed to get both flanges off but destroyed them in the process! I have since successfully removed them in one piece by giving them a good soak of WD40 and then using a punch on the inside lip. Once one is out, the other is easily removed. The wire circlips are tricky unless you have a very fine screwdriver such as used for spectacle screws. It is possible to lever out the circlip just enough to get pliers on it or a bigger screwdriver behind it to get it out all the way. An easier alternative may be to drill or Dremel a groove in the shock body as far as the circlip to allow you to flip out the circlip with a sharp pick.

It isn't possible to source a non-OEM top "spherical plain" shock bearing as it is a Yamaha "special" - inside diameter (id) 12mm, outside diameter (od) 26mm, inner ring width (ir) 15cm, outer ring width (or) 13mm.. However, if you are prepared to compromise, it is possible to source alternatives. I used a GE12FO whose only difference is that the "or" is 9mm so it needed packing out. The alternative standard bearing has a slightly wider "ir" at 16cm and I do wonder whether I should have used this one and perhaps found a way to take 0.5mm off each side. The Yamaha part number for their seals is 38V-22211-00-00.

Since doing my repair, a much better alternative has come onto the market - see here

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Installing a Scott's Steering Damper on a '99. This article is courtesy of Paul Garlick - thanks Paul!. 

I had the reaction post welded to the frame by a professional, but since I installed my unit I have seen a lot of Scott's dampers installed with the reaction post bolted or clamped to the frame. This makes it a DIY. job and the riders said they hadn't had problems with the post working loose. Personally I like the added integrity of the weld.

I installed Renthal Jimmy Button bend h/bars so that the damper would fit under the cross-bar. I left the settings stock for the first several rides (Scott recommends this), eventually I increased the low speed damping resistance one or two clicks. I haven't adjusted the arc (steering angle) limits, the damper has adjustable arc limits to minimize arm pump. 

If you put the bike up on a stand you can feel the resistance when you swing the handlebars through their travel. It's not much. One of the sales features of the Scott's unit is that it has low speed and high speed damping circuits. It's the low speed side you can feel. The more low speed damping you wind in then the less effective the high speed circuit becomes. 

It's great, I ride in the woods with the roots and rocks and it really helps. I just makes you feel that you are having a good day. It's the high speed circuit that is working when you whack a tree really hard and the bike keeps more or less on track - instead of doing a tank slapper into the weeds.


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Clogging of front sprocket on white TTRs. It gets pretty tiresome removing the cover every time the bike gets near any dirt just to clean it out. It is possible to chop the standard cover to allow mud etc to escape rather than build up into a nice compacted lump around the front sprocket but perhaps a better alternative is the bespoke alloy cover from Totally TTRs - see here

The blue TTRs have a conventional speedo driven by a front wheel cable so don't suffer quite so much with this problem.

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Smartening up your TTR

Replacement decals
It is possible to buy reasonably priced good quality replacement decals for your Open Enduro or plastic-tanked blue TTR.  Karl Barker of D&D Graphics has produced some cracking designs. On request D&D will amend the kits to show the TTR250.com web address. I have had these on my TTR for a while now and they fit well and are still looking very good. The tank decals for the plastic-tanked model are well perforated so there is minimal bubbling and any that do appear can be easily squeezed out. D&D now have graphics available for the WR250R/X and newer DT125R models. Contact Karl Barker, D&D Graphics UK, email: info@ddgraphics.co.uk , new website at  www.ddgraphics.co.uk

Karen Bunker has found another supplier at www.enjoymfg.com. I have had sets of their graphics and seat covers and the quality is superb. Thanks Karen! Clint Smith says "The graphics are made in the USA and are very good quality"

Seat covers.  In the UK they are available here.

Replacement for tail light and number plate holder (applies to UK)
Stainless steel tail tidies are available here.

Replace those big indicators!
I tend to fit a set of Motrax Micro Fairing indicators (Part number for the amber ones is FM1) to all my TTRs. Click here to see pic.

Frame paint
The early "white" TTRs frame paint colour is Yamaha Deep Violet Blue.
A friend got some made up for a later OE model by RS Bike Paint and they call it "Yamaha 16590 French Blue".
Using the information here it may be possible to get your local motor factors paint shop to make you up some on their mixing machine for the plastic-tanked TTRs. I can't find the metal-tanked models listed on their site.
In Australia try Color Rite.

For the later blue plastic-tank models, Dupli-Color sell a closely matching aerosol - DSSB09 Blue Mica (Subaru). Thanks to Les Chant in OZ for that info!

Bubbling decals solution - see Gary Pollard's solution

After-market plastics.
You can't get after market plastic for the TTR except an MX style rear fender. You can put any aftermarket YZ/WR front fender on it though - just cut off about an inch in the back.

Replacement fork gaiters.
I know it is a matter of personal taste but I think black gaiters look a whole lot better on the "white" TTRs than the purple or pink ones. I have tracked down some after-market ones and they are Pro Grip PG2510 ref 2636511 and fit 42/45 - 60 forks. Cost about 16 - available in blue, red or black from Totally TTRs and other bike shops.

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TTR250 - Street Legal in California? (Courtesy of Tommy Vee)
I recently legalized my TTR in California. Baja designs would be glad to sell you a complete kit to convert your bike but I just ordered the parts that I needed since the head and tail lights are dual filament bulbs (high beam and brake lights) and the bike already has an adequate battery and charging system. You can purchase the turn signals from a local bike shop such as Cycle Gear. Baja Designs supplied the turn signal/ headlight switch (p/n 12-9005), the turn signal flasher, and the horn. I made up my own wiring harnesses but if you are not able to set up your own, I'm sure that Baja designs would be able to supply the wiring kit also. Be sure to ask Baja for the turn signal wiring diagram for their switch. For the brake lights, I bought a hydraulic brake light switch from the local bike shop. The switch replaces the Banjo bolt on the rear hydraulic master cylinder. Once you have all of the lights brakes and turn signals and horn set up, check around with the local repair shops as the bike shops will do the brake and light inspection not the CHP. Call your local CHP office and get a copy of form CHP 888 as the DMV will ask you if you have read the form and you must certify that your bike complies with the requirements. Buy some insurance and rip that green sticker off so you can turn it in at DMV. Call the brake and light station and find out what they will check for. Remember to install a high beam indicator light. I bought a 12-volt mini lamp (blue) from Radio Shack and tie wrapped it to the front brake line guide ring next to the trip meter. Baja was very helpful you can get their 800 number from their website and call their technical services dept. If you are pretty good with wiring it should be a piece of cake. Good luck. TV


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Got a brand new TTR?
A mate imported a pair of Euro TTRs and they arrived in a crate with no information as to their preparation. Here are some tips that I found through the internet and from practical experience:

On new bikes, some riders hear a strange tinny rattling or metallic whistling noise from the left-hand side of the engine on the over-run i.e. when you shut off the throttle in any gear. Steve Copsey tells us that the reason for this is that where the chain is new and tight it doesn't slip off the front sprocket as smoothly as it should and bends outwards as it leaves the lower edge. Basically it rubs against the lower section of the case-saver - take this cover off and you will see the rub mark. The answer is to file about a millimetre off and the noise will magically disappear.

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Specifications

Specifications White Open Enduro model Raid model  USA 2001 model - details from Off-Road com's Ride-Net - price $4,699 @ October 2001 - details of the 2002 model on Tejas Motorsports page is exactly the same Australian 2001/2
 model - details from the Yamaha brochures Matt Selleck sent over!
2001 import into UK as advertised by Merlin Motors
Engine
Type 249cc, DOHC, Air-Cooled, Four-Stroke 249cc, DOHC, Air-Cooled, Four-Stroke 249cc, DOHC, Air-Cooled, Four-Stroke 249cc, DOHC, Air-Cooled, Four-Stroke 249cc, DOHC, Air-Cooled, Four-Stroke
Bore x Stroke / mm 73 X 59.6 73 X 59.6 73 X 59.6 73 X 59.6  73 X 59.6
Compression Ratio 10.2:1 10.2:1 10.2:1 10.2:1  10.2:1
Carburation 30mm Teikei  30mm Teikei  (main 145, pilot 50) 30mm Teikei  Teikei Y30P Teikei Y30P
Starter Electric Electric/optional kickstart Electric/kick Electric/kick
Transmission 6-Speed 6-Speed 6-Speed 6-speed 6-Speed
Chassis
Front Suspension Telescopic Fork Telescopic Fork, 11.02" of Travel Kayaba Fork, preload/compression adjustable, 280mm of travel Telescopic fork
Rear Suspension Single Shock Single Shock, link-type, w/adjustable preload,  11.02" of Travel Kayaba shock, preload/compression/rebound adjustable, 280mm of travel
Front Brake 245mm Disc 245mm Disc 245mm Disc
Rear Brake 220mm Disc 220mm Disc 220mm Disc
Front Tyre 300-21 3.00-21 51P 80/100-21 300-21 51P 300-21 51P
Rear Tyre 460-18 4.60-18 63P 100/100-18 460-18 63P 460-18 63P
Dimensions/Other
Overall Dimensions (Length x Width x Height) 2145mm X 835mm X 1255mm 2145mm X 850mm X 1290mm 82.5" X 32.9" X 49.6" 2195mm X 835mm X 1255mm 2095mm X 835mm X 1255mm
Seat Height 895mm 875mm 36" 910mm 895mm
Wheelbase 1410mm 55.3" 1410mm 1410mm
Minimum Ground Clearance 265mm 12" 300mm 285mm
Fuel Capacity 9 litres 16 litres (reserve 3 litres) 2.64 gallons 10 litres 9 litres
Oil capacity 1 litre 1.45 litre
Dry Weight 113kg 120kg 249 lbs 120kg 113kg
Colour Various! Team Yamaha Blue/White Team Yamaha Blue/White Team Yamaha Blue/White
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Fuller information on the TTR250 Raid 

Brake Horse Power 33 BHP
Engine type 249cc, 4-stroke single, DOHC air-cooled 
Starter Electric start and optional kickstarter 
Power 30PS/8500RPM 
Torque 2.8Kg/7000RPM 
Seat Height 875mm 
Length 2195mm 
Width 835mm 
Height 1255mm 
Wheelbase 1410mm 
Clearance 300mm 
Dry Weight 120 kg 
Economy 47km/litre at 60 kmph 
Petrol tank capacity 16 litre 
Tyre - Front 3.00 - 21 51P 
Tyre - Rear 4.60 - 18 63P 
Brakes Hydraulic single disc front and rear 
Chain DK428VS3 134 
Battery GT7B 12V 7AH 
Sparking plug CR8E, U24ESR-N 
Sparking plug - alternative CR9E, U27ESR-N

Bore x stroke 73.0 x 59.6 
Compression 8.5:1 
Engine oil 1.0 litre 
Fork oil 625cc per leg 
Carb bore 30mm 
Carb float level 7.5 ~ 9.5 
Main jet 145 
Pilot jet 50 
Needle clip Position 3 
Idle RPM 1300 4 ~ 6% CO2 
Valve clearance - In 0.09 ~ 0.17mm 
Valve clearance - Ex 0.19 ~ 0.27mm


Further TTR links:

 

Servicing the TTR250 - a step-by-step guide - courtesy of Andy Drysdale - thanks Andy!

 

Simple step-by-step pictorial guides:


See here   for a wide range of guides on the TTR250 forum.



Other links:


http://www.totallyttrs.com/ - "Totally TTRs" - an invaluable web page totally dedicated to TTR250 owners looking for parts (new and second hand) and accessories

http://ttr250.activeboard.com/ - a busy one make/model forum for TTR250 owners and enthusiasts to exchange questions, answers, information, and advice.   Any one is welcome to talk about dirt and trail bikes, overlanding and adventure biking on the TTR, SuperMotoing your TTR250, tuning, racing, maintenance, practice tracks, trails, events, and loads of other TTR250 stuff.

Fitting a headlight bag - see here

 

http://www.highlandsyamaha.com/oemparts/#/l/yam/5004564df8700209bc793016/2006-tt-r250-ttr250v-parts - Highlands Microfiche On Line - although for the US TTR250, most parts seem remarkably similar to UK models - worth a look! Once you have the part numbers then a good bike shop will order the bits and not moan about the TTR being an "import"  (to UK owners that is!)

TTR Heaven! (Or trail riding in the Andalucian Mountains) - A tale of my trail riding adventure with ToroTrail in September 2007. Sadly the TTRs were made redundant but ToroTrail found worthy replacements in the Yamaha WR250R.
 

Ride Limousin - Road and Off Road Motorcycle Holidays in France - recommended! Torsten and Rowena are great hosts and Torsten has a small fleet of TTR250s to hire out.


Jules Classic Adventure, guided tours in exotic Laos - TTR250s available to use!

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A little extra pressie at Xmas? A nice little 1:18 scale die cast model TTR250 is available from Hachette in issue 14 of their Mega Bikes fortnightly series - cost a measly 4.99. Obtainable from their Customer Service Hotline - 0870 7297290 (Mon - Fri 9am-5pm). See a pic of the Maisto model here. Also, it's worth looking on e-Bay as well as there always seems to be a few models for sale there - got a nice blue one from e-Bay myself only recently!

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TTR250 FAQ compiled by Brian Sussex, Devon, UK

Please ask any questions on the TTR250 forum - http://ttr250.activeboard.com/  What's in the FAQ above is the total knowledge I have acquired to date!

No advertising revenue is received for running this FAQ and all the hosting costs etc fall to me personally. I have always covered these costs myself but am now in a financial position where I would welcome some help. If you have found the FAQ useful and would like to make a donation, no matter how small, please use this button. Very many thanks. Brian

 

Click on house for my Home Page if you came directly to this page - the site is mostly off-road stuff 

 

Further links:
http://www.totallyttrs.com/ - everything you need (possibly!) for your TTR250
http://www.ttr250.com/ - all you ever wanted to know about TTR250s
http://ttr250.activeboard.com/ - the forum for TTR250 owners